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Technology And Standards Group - TG1 PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 11 August 2009 09:39

The ATSC Technology and Standards Group, with due regard for existing standards organizations and activities, develops and recommends voluntary, international technical standards for the distribution of television programs to the public using advanced television technology. Technologies considered may be improvements to current systems or entirely new systems that are compatible or incompatible with current systems. All forms of distribution systems may be considered, such as terrestrial broadcasting, cable systems, direct satellite broadcasting, and pre-recorded media. With respect to distribution systems, sound, vision, display, conditional access, and data sub-systems may be considered.

Chair, TG1: Michael Dolan, Industry consultant, sponsored by The Nielsen Company

Michael A. Dolan is founder and president of Television Broadcast Technology, providing specialized professional encoders, test tools, and technical consulting in the field of digital television and Internet media. He holds a BSEE degree from Virginia Tech '79 and has worked for and founded various leading edge computer graphics and real time systems companies since then, including early foundational work in W3C technology and analog data broadcasting. Mr. Dolan has been involved in digital television engineering for many years, including data broadcast system architecture, digital receiver design and compliance. He also currently chairs the ATSC Technology Group 1 and its Data Broadcasting Specialist Group (TG1/S13), co-chairs the CEA Working Group on Digital Closed Captioning (R4SC3WG1), co-chairs the SMPTE Committee on Television and Broadband (24TB), co-chairs the DECE/Ultraviolet Technical Working Group, and is active in MPEG, SCTE and W3C. Mr. Dolan is an SMPTE Fellow and a former SMPTE Governor for the Hollywood Region. He is a recipient of the ATSC Bernard J. Lechner award and the CEA Technology Leadership Award. He has written the SMPTE Journal Almanac column for over a decade, is co-author of Data Broadcasting, and holds several patents in computer web technology.


TSG Specialist Groups

TG1/S4: Specialist Group on ATSC Mobile DTV. Chair: Mark Aitken, Sinclair Broadcast Group


Mark Aitken, SinclairMark Aitken
Director, Advanced Technology
Sinclair Broadcast Group

Mark A. Aitken concluded his education at Springfield Technical Community College with continuing education in Engineering Management at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Mr. Aitken joined the Sinclair Broadcast Group in April of 1999. His activities are focused on the present and future technology requirements for the group's 62 television stations. He is currently responsible for representation of the groups interests in industry technical and standards issues, (H)DTV implementation, and represents SBG within ATSC and other trade related organizations. Prior to his involvement with SBG, the Comark Division of Thomcast (now Thales) employed Mr. Aitken. He held many diversified positions within these organizations including Manager of Systems Engineering, RF Engineering and Sales Engineering groups, as well as Director Strategic Planning responsibilities. Mr. Aitken is a member of the AFCCE and IEEE, and is the author of many papers dealing with innovative RF product developments, advanced digital television systems design and related implementation strategies, and a participant in NATAS activities.

The Specialist Group on ATSC Mobile/Handheld (M/H), TSG/S4, under the supervision and direction of the Technology and Standards Group, will evaluate "backwards compatible" proposal(s) for delivery to mobile and handheld devices using the DTV broadcast signals, will develop recommended changes to existing Standards, will develop new Standards when necessary, and where applicable develop associated Recommended Practices for mobile and handheld services using DTV broadcast signals. These documents will provide for delivery of real-time and non-real-time television content and data to mobile and handheld devices (including those defined as "pedestrian"). These ATSC-M/H services shall have the capability to be carried in existing ATSC DTV broadcast channels. The presence of these new M/H services shall not preclude or prevent operation of current ATSC services in the same RF channel or have significant adverse impact on legacy receiving equipment. Wherever possible, these standards will build on existing standards of the ATSC or other standards development organizations. This activity will include liaison with other Specialist and Planning Groups inside the ATSC as well as other standards development organizations and technology committees working on standards that include mobile and handheld technologies.

TG1/S5: Specialist Group on Transmission Infrastructure. Chair: Merrill Weiss, MWG

Close Merrill Weiss, MWG

Merrill Weiss

Weiss is a well-known industry consultant with over 45 years’ experience in broadcasting. He is a Fellow of SMPTE, received its David Sarnoff Gold Medal and its Progress Medal, and has chaired numerous standards-writing committees. A graduate of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsvylania, he was the 2006 recipient of the NAB Television Engineering Achievement Award. Weiss is certified as a Professional Broadcast Engineer by SBE. He is a member of the IEEE Broadcast Technology Society and serves on its Administrative Committee. He holds four issued U.S. patents and two international patents on broadcast transmission technology.

The Specialist Group on Transmission Infrastructure, TSG/S5, under the supervision and direction of the Technology Group on Distribution, will develop broadcast station infrastructure communications standards, recommended practices and technical reports. The work will be coordinated with SMPTE whenever the possibility of overlapping responsibilities warrants such liaison. Tasks will be specially assigned by TSG. Current assignment(s) are:

Develop appropriate reference document(s) to facilitate transport of standardized ATSC Mobile DTV data and metadata across various Studio-Transmitter Links.

This activity will include liaison with other ATSC Specialists Groups, specifically with TSG/S4, TSG/S8 and TSG/S13. TSG/S5 will also liaise with other standards development organizations working on standards that include metadata, specifically with appropriate SMPTE Technology Committees.

TG1/S6: Video and Audio Coding. Chair: Pat Waddell, Harmonic


Pat Waddell, HarmonicPat Waddell

A veteran of the broadcasting and performing arts industries, Mr. Waddell has over 30 years experience serving a variety of staff and freelance positions with a number of different facilities. As a second-generation broadcaster, his primary area of expertise is digital video system implementation for broadcaster television. Mr. Waddell joined Harmonic in December 2000 where he works closely with engineering to define and deliver high quality encoding products. Mr. Waddell is also responsible for compliance with industry standards. Previously, Mr. Waddell worked at Sony, as a sustaining engineer for MPEG compression, as well as high-definition signal processing and conversion products.

Mr. Waddell serves as Harmonic's representative to a number of industry standards bodies, including the DVB, SMPTE, SCTE, and the ATSC. He currently serves as the Chair of the ATSC's TSG/S6, the Specialist Group on Video/Audio Coding.

Mr. Waddell earned a BSEE degree from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and did graduate studies in Technical Production for Live Performance at San Jose State University.

Pat was the 2010 Bernard J Lechner Award recipient which is bestowed once a year to an individual representative of the membership whose technical and leadership contributions to the ATSC have been invaluable and exemplary.

The Specialists' Group on Audio and Video Coding, under the supervision and direction of the Technology and Standards Group, develops recommendations for audio and video coding for use in the ATSC television system. TSG/S6, as directed by TSG and the ATSC Board of Directors, has the following work items:

  • Investigate and document more efficient coding methods, specifically audio and video coding for the advanced transmission mode (and possibly main channel use)
    Maintain A/54A Sections 5 and 6
  • Maintain other ATSC audio and video coding document

TG1/S7: Specialist Group on Service and Content Protection. Chair: Adam Goldberg, AGP, LLC


Adam Goldberg, Principal, AGP, LLCAdam Goldberg
Principal, AGP, LLC

Adam Goldberg has nearly two decades of experience in various facets of digital television.

He has been involved in various digital television and digital telecommunications activities, including the over-the-air digital transition, cable television and home entertainment in general for two decades. Mr. Goldberg has been intimately involved with many aspects of digital television, including receivers, receiver silicon and broadcast equipment. Adam has held engineering, project management, strategic planning, standards and government relations roles for software vendors, decoder and silicon manufacturers, network and head-end vendors and consumer electronics companies. He is also the chairman of CEA R4.3 "Television Data Systems" and vice-chairman of the CEA Technology and Standards Council.

He is a Senior Member of the Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers (IEEE) and the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE), as well as the Federal Communications Bar Association. He is also a member of the Academy of Digital Television Pioneers, and participates at the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences.

The ATSC TSG/S7 Specialist Group on Security supports the Technology and Standards group (TSG) to describe, specify and document all aspects of protecting services (e.g. Conditional Access) and content (e.g. Digital Rights Management) within the ATSC system.

This includes, for example:

  • documenting constraints against and extensions to the MPEG-2 Transport Stream standards for security;
  • documenting constraints against and extensions to ATSC IP-delivered broadcast standards for security;
  • documenting fundamental security technologies, when appropriate (e.g., encryption mechanisms);
  • documenting downloaded cryptographic object signing and verification mechanisms;
  • maintaining resulting documents; and
  • liaising with other groups, as necessary.


TG1/S8: Service Multiplex & Transport Systems Characteristics. Chair: Mark Eyer, Sony


Mark Eyer, SonyMark Eyer
Director of Systems for the Technology Standards Office

Mark K. Eyer is currently Director of Systems for the Technology Standards Office of Sony Electronics. He graduated Cum Laude with a B.S. degree from the University of Washington in 1973 and received an MSEE degree in 1978 from the same institution.

For the past twenty years, Mark has been involved with the development of technologies and products related to secure and digital television and he holds eighteen US patents in these areas. After joining General Instrument (now Motorola) in 1982, Mr. Eyer supported the company's development of products employing digital video compression technology by designing cryptographic processing firmware, decoder acquisition state machines, and various software projects related to verification and production testing.

Since 1994, Mark has made contributions to various digital television standards including ATSC A/65 Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP), part of which was derived from his protocols work at GI. He became involved in digital interconnection standards in 1997, and co-chaired the committees in CEA that created the CEA-775 DTV 1394 Interface Specification as well as several others. Mark was a primary contributor to various SCTE Digital Video Subcommittee (DVS) standards including SCTE 26 Home Digital Network Interface, SCTE 65 Service Information Delivered Out-of-Band for Digital Cable Television, and (jointly with CEA) SCTE 18 Emergency Alert Message for Cable (also known as ANSI-J-STD-042).

In addition to chairing ATSC's S8 subcommittee, Mr. Eyer represents Sony in various standards committees in the US, and contributes systems engineering expertise to development of Sony's digital television products.

The ATSC TSG/S8 Specialist Group on Service Multiplex and Transport Systems Characteristics supports the Technology and Standards Group to describe, specify, and document all aspects of the transport subsystem of the ATSC DTV system except data broadcasting. This work includes:

  • Documenting constraints against and extensions to the MPEG-2 Transport Stream specification
  • Developing standards for delivery of system and service information, including caption service signaling
  • Developing standard methods for conditional access
  • Considering standard methods for transport of program metadata such as television parental guidelines, digital rights management data and copy protection data, including support for program metadata applicable to future as well as current programming
  • Developing methods for unambiguous identification of content
  • Preparing guidelines for effective use of transport-related standards
  • Maintaining resulting documents

TG1/S9: RF Transmission. Chair: Charles Einolf, Consultant


Charles Einolf, ConsultantCharles Einolf

Charlie worked for Westinghouse for over twenty-seven years, including two years at the Westinghouse Wireless Solutions Company (now iBiquity Digital), and was responsible for the design and development of the advanced electronic systems incorporating sensor, computer, communication and signal processing techniques. In 1996, Charlie took advantage of the opportunity to become involved in digital television, and joined the Advanced Television Technology Center (ATTC) as Deputy Executive Director. He was responsible for its technical programs until the completion, in 2003, of its mission to facilitate the transition to digital television in the United States. During his tenure at ATTC, Charlie became actively involved in the technical aspects of the digital television broadcast industry, including RF, propagation, and reception analysis.

Currently, Charlie participates in a variety of ATSC specialist and ad hoc groups, including serving as chair of the ATSC T3/S9 Specialist Group on RF Transmission. He also participates in the standards activities of the International Telecommunications Union - Radiocommunications (ITU-R).

Dr. Einolf holds a Ph.D. and M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Rochester, and a B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a Life Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He is a past vice-president of the IEEE Broadcast Technology Society and currently chairs its Publication Committee. Charlie is also past president of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. He has been awarded the IEEE Centennial and Millennium medals and holds 13 U.S. patents.

The Specialist Group on RF Transmission (TSG/S9) under the supervision and direction of the Technology and Standards Group (TSG), shall be responsible for developing technical documents and analyzing issues relating to terrestrial RF transmission and propagation with regard to ATSC DTV signals. Wherever possible, these standards will build on existing standards of the ATSC or other organizations. This activity will include liaison with other ATSC Specialists Groups.

TG1/S10: Receivers. Chair: John Henderson, CEA


John HendersonJohn Henderson

Henderson chairs the Technology and Standards Group, as well as the T3/S10 Specialist group on Receivers and the T3/S11 specialist group on Compliance and he is thankful that the groups have not yet had simultaneous active periods. Currently, T3/S10 is writing a voluntary Recommended Practice that contains receiver front-end performance guidelines. Clearly searching for the right word to describe the group’s sometimes highly charged deliberations, Henderson settled on "exciting."

At the 2005 Annual Meeting on May 10, 2005, John received the "Bernard J. Lechner Award for Outstanding Contributions." In particular, ATSC recognized John’s leadership of S10 in the development of ATSC Recommended Practice A/74 "Receiver Performance Guidelines.” John’s ability to bring the various industry segments together not only resulted in the publication of this important document, but also helped foster a better understanding of the complex technical issues.

Henderson’s immersion in consumer electronics product development and technology application began immediately upon graduation from college, when he joined RCA Laboratories. He continued with RCA Labs and its successor, Sarnoff, until 1991, when he joined Hitachi America R&D. As an individual contributor, team member, or manager with RCA and Sarnoff, he has contributed to television tuner control systems, IF filter design, video, and to systems brought by Sarnoff to the ACATS process. At Hitachi, he has managed digital TV, cable modem, and wireless modem product design. He holds more than 25 issued US patents and has presented numerous papers in these areas. He is a Fellow of the IEEE. Henderson received a BSEE cum laude from the University of Pennsylvania and an MSE from Princeton University.

Henderson treasures the recreational time that he manages to set aside. He is a fairly active bicycle rider, peddling about 5000 miles per year, with usually half of this distance being on a tandem with his wife. He is an amateur classical and church organist, having taken organ lessons at Westminster Choir College in Princeton "until work demands overwhelmed the required practice time." He likes to sail, and, although he no longer does much racing, he and his wife day-sail a traditionally gaff-rigged 19-foot catboat. He enjoys woodworking and building small boats ("limited by what I can get out of the basement").

TSG/S10 will examine elements of DTV receiver designs, assessing the degree to which performance tradeoffs and complexity are impacted and their relation to FCC DTV planning factors. TSG/S10 may also consider whether voluntary performance targets and/or design guidelines might be useful.


TG1/S11: Specialist Group on Data Broadcast: Sam Matheny, Capitol Broadcasting


Sam Matheny, Capitol BroadcastingSam Matheny
General Manager News Over Wireless
Capitol Broadcasting

Sam Matheny is General Manager of News Over Wireless, which is part of CBC New Media Group, LLC. CBC New Media Group is a division of Capitol Broadcasting Company with three principle areas of operation: digital television, Internet, and mobile wireless. Sam's focus is on strategic media applications, where he is currently engaged with mobile wireless content delivery.

News Over Wireless works with broadcasters and wireless phone carriers to provide news and information on mobile phones through video channels, downloadable applications, mobile web sites and SMS. News Over Wireless is partnered with over 185 television stations reaching approximately 90 million US television households and has on-deck relationships with AT&T, Sprint, and Verizon as well as numerous very successful iPhone and Android Apps.

Sam has over fifteen years of experience in the high-tech world of computers and communications. Prior to joining CBC New Media Group Sam held management positions with satellite, digital television, web development, interactive video companies.

Sam is a member of the Academy of Digital Television Pioneers, the Advanced Television Systems Committee, Mobile Marketing Association, the Open Mobile Video Coalition and the Mobile 500 Alliance. He was a 2007 American Marshall Memorial Fellow, and holds a B.S. in Communications from East Carolina University and a M.S. in Technology Management from North Carolina State University.

Away from work Sam serves as an advisory board member to NCSU’s Poole College of Management and as board member for the Triangle Area Chapter of the American Red Cross.

Sam lives in Zebulon, North Carolina, with his wife and two sons.

S11 outlines and drives the framework for the development of ATSC 2.0 broadcast standards. S11 gathers information from potential users of the standards to ensure that their business needs are met by the elements of the standards – and, if not, suggests course corrections. S11 focuses on the high-level requirements for what the system should do. S11 coordinates with other specialist groups on their drafting of the standards that support and enable the framework S11 develops.


TG1/S12 Specialist Group on 3D-TV: Dr. Youngkwon Lim, ETRI


Dr. Youngkwon Lim, ETRIDr. Youngkwon Lim

Dr. Lim was a Bachelor of Electronics Engineering in Feb 1994, Master of Electronics Engineering majored in Telecommunications Signal Processing in Feb 1996, both in Hankuk Aerospace University, and Ph.D. Candidate from February 2002 in Hanyang University.From Jan 1996 to Aug 2000, he was a Member of Engineering Staff in ETRI, Taejon, Korea, participated various areas of MPEG-4 standardization activities and was the Software engineer for number of MPEG-4 based applications.

He was the Vice President in Business Development in net&tv Inc. Seoul, Korea since Aug 2000, participated various areas of MPEG-4/7/21 standardization activities, and severed as Project manager, Marketing director and Editor in some areas.

He was the Chairman of the AHG in various areas since 1998, and the editor of MPEG-4 Systems Amendment 1 and 2000 Edition, 4onIP framework, Usage of AVC in MPEG-4 Systems, and LASeR and SAF. He was appointed as a Chairman of MPEG Systems subgroup from 2009.

The standard will cover these broadcast scenarios:

  • 3D content delivered on one ATSC terrestrial channel to fixed receivers with delivery of both views (left and right) in real time.
  • 3D content delivered on one ATSC terrestrial channel to mobile/handheld receivers, and 3D programs within the same channel while ensuring backwards compatibility.
  • 3D content delivered in non-real time.

TG1/S13: Data Broadcasting. Chair: Michael Dolan, Industry consultant, sponsored by The Nielsen Company


Michael Dolan, TBTMichael Dolan
Founder & President
Television Broadcast Technology

Michael A Dolan is founder and president of Television Broadcast Technology, providing specialized professional encoders, test tools, and technical consulting in the field of digital television. He holds a BSEE degree from Virginia Tech '79 and has worked for and founded various leading edge computer graphics and real time systems companies since then, including early foundational work in W3C technology and analog data broadcasting. Mr. Dolan has been involved in digital television engineering for many years, including data broadcast system architecture and digital receiver design and compliance. He also currently chairs the ATSC Data Broadcasting Specialist Group (TG1/S13), chairs various technical groups in CEA, DECE/Ultraviolet, SCSA and SMPTE and is also active in MPEG, SCTE and W3C. Mr. Dolan is a SMPTE Fellow, authors the SMPTE Journal Almanac column, and holds several patents in computer web technology.

This specialist group will define the mechanisms for serving the needs of data broadcast applications utilizing the ATSC digital broadcast as a delivery medium. This will include television program related applications and non-television applications. Specifically, TSG/S13 will define a method or methods for using ATV broadcast to transport data streams, data files and executable code, the fundamental ingredients of both classes of applications. The group will also address other generic requirements imposed by these applications, for example low latency needs of some interactive applications, synchronization with video/audio programming, etc.

A-Team: Architectural Team. Chair: Michael Dolan, Industry consultant, sponsored by The Nielsen Company


Michael DolanMichael Dolan
Founder & President
Television Broadcast Technology

The Architecture Team is a permanent group that reports to TSG. Membership is composed of TSG chairs and vice chairs, and specialist group chairs. The team is advisory in nature, writing reports if necessary but not developing standards. Initial tasks include: 1) coordinate robust mode work as needed, and 2) reply to recent member request for assigning code points. The purpose and scope of the Architecture Team is to:

  • Oversee ATSC technical document structure and architecture
  • Facilitate communication between specialist groups
  • Provide a forum for addressing inter-specialist group issues
  • Provide a forum to which ATSC staff and T3 can pose technical questions of a general nature and get a formal response
  • Work with ATSC Code Points Registrar in an advisory capacity
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